Homework for Art, Craft, Design – JUNIOR CYCLE
List of objects for drawing which students should practise from. This list includes objects which have come up in the Junior Cert drawing exam.
It is very important that students do work, at home, for the subject of art.
This can take many different forms:
- researching for pictures/ images
- looking at pictures of art works
- making their own art works
- looking for objects to bring into class
- searching for materials that can be used for making art
Many of these activities are very enjoyable and interesting!
At the heart of any art activity and therefore part of homework is the practise of drawing.
The purpose of drawing is to look – to see – to record.
The world around us is full of fascinating things, which the artist sees, records and uses as a starting point for his/her work. Drawing therefore lies at the centre of all art activity. It forms the basis of design, creativity and expression. Because of the basic and investigative nature of drawing, good drawing is highly valued in the curriculum, i.e. it achieves high marks.
It is worth practising!
And practise makes perfect!
Most of the time students get specific homework, usually related to class work. If the teacher does not set specific homework students should do one observational drawing per week (this can also be a painting or other art activity) , spending 30 minutes +. The teacher checks the homework and keeps a record of it.
Homework can take many forms
Here is an example for the craft of Calligraphy
- The student initially searches for a suitable text that can be illustrated with pictures and given strong expression through creative writing.
- The student practises the script/different scripts.
- The student experiments with illuminated capitals, i.e. decorating the first letter of the chosen text in two or three different ways. So for example if the text is about a tiger the T can be larger than the other letters and a tiger could be lying on the horizontal part of the T with its long tail wrapped around the vertical part of the T. There are many other possibilities. The student needs to try out and practise possible solutions.
- The student needs to practise drawing/painting a tiger
- A piece of calligraphy will usually include one or several illustrations such as a scene with a tiger in it, e.g. on its own, within a desert or oasis setting, several tigers in different stances etc. This needs to be tried out to find the best possible solution.
- The student needs to try out which medium (paints, chalks, colouring pencils, biro, pencil etc) is best for his/her piece.
In the above case (an exotic scene with a tiger) the student will draw from good pictures in front of him/her. Students are asked, in year 1, to acquire a scrapbook into which they stick images, lettering, colour swatches, photos and anything they find interesting. This very important information is referred to as support studies, i.e. it supports/helps students to realize their ideas. Nowadays we are flooded with images of very high quality all around us, in newspapers, magazines, posters, packaging, leaflets, postage stamps, the internet (though this is not a must and not always the best resource), which can all serve as a basis for artwork or to help develop an idea.
More important though than copying from pictures is that students practise drawing from objects in front of them. Drawings done out of a student’s head, i.e. without any information in front of him/her, in most cases does not reflect the complexity and intricate nature of things around us, be they man made or natural. These drawings are generally of poor quality. Students need to learn to look closely and investigate an object from all sides and under different headings such as form, texture, colour, tones, and line.
The work of research and development, which a student undertakes, accompanies any finished piece in line with the requirement of the Junior Cert project. This work will be mounted (pasted) onto an A2 size sheet. For the Junior Cert project this sheet gets more marks than the finished piece.
Support studies (related images, pictures, works from art history) form an important part of a student’s work. These will be collected over a period of time and then get pasted down. For the Junior Cert project the A2 sheet of support studies also gets presented to the examiner and receives marks.